FusHa ( Arabic letters from Alef to Zaien ( أ:ز)

The Alphabet الحُروف الهجائِيَّة

Some of my students asked me to write some short lesson for FusHa as well as Egyptian Arabic. Actually I am not familiar with using blogs . I am completely new with using blogs. So forgive me if it appears with Egyptian Arabic. And help me if you can (how to use this post under Modern Standard Arabic page) shokran

Now ,I am going to write some short lessons

I am going to start with the Alphabet

Arabic language has 28 letters , they are connected to each other except 6 letters , They can be connected from right side only.

Those letters are ا – د – ذ- ر- ز – و

Arabic language is written from right to left.

Let’s start with the letters ا – ب – ت – ث

Alef is connected only from the right side

It is pronounced as the letter A

Example : أحمَد Ahmed

Baa can be joined from both sides

It is pronounced as the letter B

Example: بَاب baab , door

Taa is also joined from both sides

It is pronounced as letter T

Example: تاج taag crown

Thaa is the same like baa , and taa but with 3 dots

Now , If you want to join ب and ا , it will be با

ب – ا- ب – ا it will be بابا it means dad baba

أ – ب it will be أب it mean a father up

ب – ا – ب it will be باب it means a door baab

now , how can you join the following?

ت – ا – ب

ت – ب – ا

ا – ث- ب

ث – ب – ا – ت

Hello Again, Now lets continiue learning letters from ج toخ (Geem to Khaa )


Geem is pronounced as the letter G , it is joined from both side

Exampl: جَمَل Gamal , a camel

ح , no equivalent for ح , but it can be more similar with (H)

Example: حِصان horse Hisan

خ It is pronounced as (Kh)

Example : Khan خان Khabaaz خَبَّاز bakery

Now, letters from daal د to ز zeen

Daal is the the second letter that is not joined from left side

Daal د It is pronounced as the letter D

Example: دَجاجة Dagaga a chicken

Zaal , is the third letter that is not joined from left side . It is pronounced as (th) in the word (the). the tongue should be between the teeh and go a little outside the mouth

Example: ذَيل tail, zail

Raa , is the fourth letter that is not joined from left side .
It is pronounced as (R)

Example: رَجُل ragul a man

Zaien , is the fifth letter that is not joined from the left side. It is
pronounced as (z)

Example: زَرافة zarafa

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